El mapeo de los cambios de usos de subsistencia de la tierra en el Concejo Territorial Miskito, Katainasta, Honduras

  • Taylor A. Tappan, Doctorando University of Kansas
  • Peter H. Herlihy, Doctor University of Kansas
Palabras clave: Honduras, Miskito, concejo territorial, indígena, manejo de recursos naturales

Resumen

Understanding the large-scale spatial patterns of natural resource use in indigenous homelands is critical for guaranteeing indigenous peoples’ ancestral land rights, designing effective conservation policies, and promoting good governance in Central America. However, few studies have mapped the diachronic distribution of indigenous communities’ resource use in these areas. Here we present a case study describing the spatial functionality of the Concejo Territorial Katainasta (CTK)--the first indigenous territorial jurisdiction in Honduras to receive an intercommunity land title. Two participatory research mapping (PRM) studies--the first in 1992 and the second in 2014-15--mapped the spatial patterns of Miskitu subsistence activities in CTK. The results were subsequently converted into a geographic information system (GIS) that allowed for spatial and temporal comparisons of Miskitu subsistence livelihoods in CTK before and after the titling process. Here we focus on the spatial parameters of three Miskitu subsistence livelihoods: agriculture, hunting and fishing. Analysis of results suggests that 1) the 2014-15 subsistence use areas for Miskitu communities in CTK have not diverged dramatically from those of the 1992 study, and 2) the new legal boundaries of CTK adequately encompass the subsistence use areas of its constituent communities and recognize the historical overlaps in Miskitu resource use and tenure patterns.

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Biografía del autor

Taylor A. Tappan, Doctorando, University of Kansas
Taylor is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Geography and Atmospheric Science at the University ofKansas
Peter H. Herlihy, Doctor, University of Kansas
Dr. Herlihy is a professor of geography in the Department of Geography and Atmospheric Science at theUniversity of Kansas

Citas

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Dunn, M. A. & Smith, D. A. (2011). The Spatial Patterns of Miskitu Hunting in Northeastern Honduras: Lessons for Wildlife Management in Tropical Forests. Journal of Latin American Geography, 10(1), 85-108.

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Herlihy, P. H. & Leake, A. P. (1997). Participatory Research Mapping of Indigenous Lands in the Honduran Mosquitia. In A. R. Pebley & L. Rosero-Bixby (Eds.), Demographic Diversity and Change in the Central American Isthmus (pp. 707-736). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Books.

Herlihy, P. H., Tappan, T. A. & Fahrenbruch, M. L. (2018). Recognizing Indigenous Territories in Central America. Paper presented at the 35th Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers, San José, Costa Rica.

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Publicado
2018-11-26
Cómo citar
Tappan, T., & Herlihy, P. (2018). El mapeo de los cambios de usos de subsistencia de la tierra en el Concejo Territorial Miskito, Katainasta, Honduras. Revista Geográfica De América Central, 3(61E), 609 - 622. https://doi.org/10.15359/rgac.Esp-3.33
Sección
Estudios de Caso (Evaluados por pares)