Recomendaciones para la evaluación de la actividad física en población infantil

Carlos Álvarez Bogantes

Resumen


El propósito de este artículo fue el de revisar los patrones de movimiento de los niños y las niñas y como estos pueden impactar la evaluación de la actividad física. Para el logro de la evaluación de esta se requiere de instrumentos que sean sensibles para que se detecte, codifique o registre la actividad física esporádica e intermitente de los niños y las niñas, sin olvidar las regulaciones que existen en el nivel científico. Varios de los instrumentos de más uso son: el autorreporte, la observación directa y el monitoreo de la frecuencia cardiaca. Los autorreportes requieren de habilidades de pensamiento abstracto y de buena memoria, lo que en edades tempranas no se ha desarrollado, por otro lado, la observación directa y el monitorio cardiaco, requieren de gran cantidad de tiempo y de alta tecnología para su aplicación, respectivamente. La recomendación más ampliamente extendida, es que se recurra a una combinación instrumentos, para garantizar la mayor cantidad de información y de validez de la investigación.


Palabras clave


autorreportes, patrones de movimiento, monitores cardiacos, actividad física y observación

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Referencias


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