Artículo de Revisión/ Review Article Teorías y modelos aplicados al estudio de la conducta del pescador: implicaciones en procesos de gestión

Helven Naranjo-Madrigal

Resumen


En el proceso de toma de decisiones para el manejo de pesquerías se ha incrementado la atención en considerar aspectos de la dimensión humana de la pesca adicionalmente a la dimensión ecológica. En la dimensión humana, el componente de dinámica de flotas pesqueras se ha analizado a través de modelos y teorías que han dado más énfasis al comportamiento de embarcaciones y menor atención al comportamiento del pescador como individuo o grupos de individuos. La presente revisión de literatura se enfoca en estudios que han analizado aspectos de la conducta del pescador mediante teorías y modelos que logran explicar y predecir su comportamiento. Se encontró que los motivadores económicos per se no logran explicar la complejidad del proceso de toma de decisiones del pescador, más bien una gran cantidad de aspectos no monetarios están implícitos en las elecciones que hacen los pescadores en el corto y largo plazos. Modelos que incorporan información de distintas disciplinas y enfoques transdisciplinarios logran explicar mejor las decisiones del pescador asociadas al esfuerzo, incentivos económicos, capturas, regulaciones, aspectos de su cultura, forma de vida, estrategias de sobrevivencia, satisfacción laboral y percepción del bienestar. A partir de esta revisión de literatura se propone un marco conceptual de manejo socioecológico para integrar las motivaciones de la conducta de los pescadores y la relación con los ecosistemas de los cuales estos dependen.

Palabras clave


Conducta del pescador; gobernanza; manejo; modelos; sistemas socioecológicos

Texto completo:

PDF HTML EPUB

Referencias


Abernethy, K., Allison, E. H., Molloy, P. & Cote, I. (2007). Why do fishers fish where they fish? Using the ideal free distribution to understand the behaviour of artisanal reef fishers. Can. J. Fish. Aqua. Sci., 64, 1595-1604. http:/á/dx.doi.org/10.1139/f07-125

Ahmed, N., Rahman, S., Bunting, S. & Brugere, C. (2013). Socio-economic and ecological challenges of small-scale fishing and strategies for its sustainable management: A case of study of the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh. Singap. J. Trop. Geogr., 34, 86-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjtg.12015

Al-Subhi, K., Bose, S. & Al-Masroori, S. (2013). Fishers’ compliance motivations: A case study of the Sultanate of Oman. Mar. Pol., 37, 141-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.03.015

Álvarez, P., Espejel, I. & Bocco, G. (2012). Comunidades pesqueras y paisaje cultural: una revisión de los enfoques de investigación. Costas, 1, 10-26.

Anderson, R. & Carter, F. (1990). Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Social Systemic Approach. New York, EE. UU.: Walter de Gruyter Inc.

Béné, C. & Tewfik, A. (2001). Fishing effort allocation and fishermen’s decision making process in a multi-species small-scale fishery: analysis of the conch and lobster fishery in Turks and Caicos Islands. Hum. Ecol., 29, 157-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1011059830170

Béné, C. (2009). Are fishers poor or vulnerable? Assessing economic vulnerability in small-scale fishing communities. J. Dev. Stud., 45, 911-933. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00220380902807395

Berkes, F. (1999). Sacred ecology. Traditional ecological knowledge and resource management. Philadelphia, EE. UU.: Taylor & Francis.

Bockstael, N. & Opaluch, J. (1983). Discrete Modelling of Supply Response under Uncertainty: The Case of the Fishery. J. Environ. Econ. Manage., 10(2), 125-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0095-0696(83)90021-9

Busilacchi, S., Russ, G., Williams, A., Sutton, S. & Begg, G. (2013). The role of subsistence fishing in the hybrid economy of an indigenous community. Mar. Pol., 37, 183-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.017

Butler, R., Tawake, A., Skewes, T., Tawake, L. & McGrath, V. (2012). Integrating traditional ecological knowledge and fisheries management in the Torres Strait, Australia: the catalytic role of turtles and dugong as cultural keystone species. Ecol. Soc., 17(4), 34. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05165-170434

Cabrera, J. & Defeo, O. (2001). Daily bioeconomic analysis in a multispecific artisanal fishery in Yucatan, Mexico. Aquat. Living Res., 14, 19-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0990-7440(00)01094-9

Cinner, J. (2011). Social-ecological traps in reef fisheries. Glob. Environ. Chang., 21, 835-839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.04.012

Cinner, J. E., McClanahan, T. R., Graham, N. A. J., Daw, T. M., Maina, J., Stead, S. M., Wamukota, A., Brown, K. & Bodin, O. (2012). Vulnerability of coastal communities to key impacts of climate change on coral reef fisheries. Glob. Environ. Chang., 22, 12-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.09.018

Davidson-Hunt, I. (2003). Indigenous lands management, cultural landscapes and Anishinaabe people of Shoal Lake, Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Environ., 31, 21-41.

Dietrich, C. (2010). Decision Making: Factors that Influence Decision Making, Heuristics Used, and Decision Outcomes. Student Pulse, 2(02), 1-3.

Dreyfus-León, M. (1999). Individual-based modelling of fishermen search behaviour with neural networks and reinforcement learning. Ecol. Model., 120, 287-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3800(99)00109-X

Fabinyi, M., Foale, S. & Macintyre, M. (2013). Managing inequality or managing stocks? An ethnographic perspective on the governance of small-scale fisheries. Fish. Fish., 16(3), 471-485. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/faf.12069

FAO. (2003). The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. 4, Suppl. 2. Rome: Publishing Management Service, Information Division.

FAO. (2012). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Rome: Publishing Management Service, Information Division.

Fretwell, S. (1972). Populations in a seasonal environment. Monogr. Popu. Biol., 91(1), 204-207.

Fukuda, D. & Yai, T. (2010). Semiparametric Specification of the Utility Function in a Travel Mode Choice Model. Transportation, 37(2), 221-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11116-009-9253-5

Fulton, E., Smith, A., Smith, D. & van Putten, I. (2011). Human behaviour: the key source of uncertainty in fisheries management. Fish. Fish., 12, 2-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2010.00371.x

Gordon, S. (1953). An economic approach to the optimum utilization of fishery resources. J. Fish. Res. Board. Can., 10(7), 442-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f53-026

Handel, M. (1989). War, Strategy, and Intelligence. New York, EE. UU.: Routledge.

Hilborn, R. (2007). Moving to sustainability by learning from successful fisheries. Ambio., 36, 296-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[296:MTSBLF]2.0.CO;2

Holland, D. & Sutinen, J. (1999). An empirical model of fleet dynamics in New England trawl fisheries. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56, 253-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f98-169

Holland, D. (2008). Are fishermen rational? A fishing expedition. Mar. Resour. Econ., 23, 325-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/mre.23.3.42629621

King, M. & Faasili, U. (2001). Community-based management of subsistence fisheries in Samoa. Fish. Manag. Ecol., 6, 133-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2400.1999.00136.x

Kittinger, J., Finkbeiner, E., Ban, N., Broad, K., Carr, M., Cinner, J., Gelcich, S., Cornwell, M., Koehn, J., Basurto, X., Fujita, R., Caldwell, R. & Crowder, L. (2013). Emerging frontiers in social-ecological systems research for sustainability of small-scale fisheries. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain., 5(3), 352-357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2013.06.008

Kolaczyk, E. & Csárdi, G. (2014). Statistical Analysis of Network Data with R. Springer Science+Business Media. New York, EE. UU.: Springer.

Kronen, M. (2004). Fishing for fortunes? A socio-economic assessment of Tonga’s artisanal fisheries. Fish. Res., 70, 121-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0165-7836(04)00161-4

Kuperan, K. & Sutinen, J. (1998). Blue water crime: deterrence, legitimacy, and compliance in fisheries. Law Soc. Rev., 32, 309-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/827765

Lang, J., Wiek, A., Bergmann, M., Stauffacher, M., Martens, P., Moll, P., Swilling, M. & Thomas, C. J. (2012). Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: practice, principles, and challenges. Sustain. Scie., 7(S1), 25-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11625-011-0149-x

Mas-Colell, A., Whinston, M. & Green, J. (1995). Microeconomic Theory. New York, EE. UU.: Oxford.

May, P. (2004). Compliance motivations: affirmative and negative bases. Law. Soc. Rev., 38, 41-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0023-9216.2004.03801002.x

Moreno-Báez, M., Orr, B., Cudney-Bueno, R. & Shaw, W. (2010). Using fishers’ local knowledge to aid management at regional scales: spatial distribution of small-scale fisheries in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. B. Mar. Sci., 86, 339-353.

Naranjo-Madrigal, H. (2014). Análisis espacio-temporal de las operaciones de pesca de las pesquerías artesanales bento-demersales en Playa Lagarto, Costa Rica. Tesis de doctorado no publicada, Centro de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, CINVESTAV, México.

Naranjo-Madrigal, H., van Putten, I. & Norman-López, A. (2015). Understanding socio-ecological drivers of spatial allocation choice in a multispecies artisanal fishery: a Bayesian network modeling approach. Mar. Pol. 62, 102-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.09.003

Nøstbakken, L. (2008). Fisheries law enforcement - a survey of the economic literature. Mar. Pol., 32, 293-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2007.06.002

Ommer, R., Perry, R., Murray, G. & Neis, B. (2012). Social-ecological dynamism, knowledge, and sustainable coastal marine fisheries. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain., 4(3), 316-322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2012.05.010

Österblom, H., Merrie, A., Metian, M., Boonstra, W., Blenckner, T., Watson, J., Rykaczewski, R., Ota, Y., Sarmiento, J., Christensen, V., Schluter, M., Birnbaum, S., Gustafsson, G., Humborg, C., Mörth, C., Múller-Karulis, B., Tomczak, M., Troell, M. & Folke, C. (2013). Modelling social-ecological scenarios in marine systems. BioScience, 63, 735-744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioscience/63.9.735

Ota, Y. & Just, R. (2008). Fleet sizes, fishing effort and the ‘hidden’ factors behind statistics: an anthropological study of small-scale fisheries in UK. Mar. Pol., 32, 301-308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2007.06.006

Pearl, J. (1998). Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference. Palo Alto, EE. UU.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Pitcher, T. & Cheung, W. (2013). Fisheries: hope or despair? Mar. Pollut. Bull., 74, 506-516. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.05.045

Plagányi, E., van Putten, I., Hutton, T., Deg, A., Dennis, D., Pascoe, S., Skewes, T. & Campbell, A. (2013). Integrating indigenous livelihood and lifestyle objectives in managing a natural resource. PNAS, 110, 3639-3644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1217822110

Plummer, R. & Armitage, D. (2007). A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive comanagement: linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world. Ecol. Eco., 61, 62-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.025

Pollnac, R. & Poggie, J. (2006). Job satisfaction in the fishery in two Southeast Alaskan towns. Hum. Organ., 6, 329-339. http://dx.doi.org/10.17730/humo.65.3.3j2w39a21tq3j4l1

Pollnac, R. & Poggie, J. (2008). Happiness, well-being and psychocultural adaptation to the stresses associated with marine fishing. Hum. Eco. Rev., 15, 194-200.

Pomeroy, R. & Berkes, F. (1997). Two to tango: the role of government in fisheries co-management. Mar. Pol., 21, 465-480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-597X(97)00017-1

Prato, T. (2005). Bayesian adaptive management of ecosystems. Ecol. Model., 183, 147-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2004.07.024

Railsback, S. (2001). Concepts from complex adaptive systems as a framework for individual-based modelling. Ecol. Model., 139, 47-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3800(01)00228-9

Reed, M., Courtney, P., Urquhart, J. & Ross, N. (2013). Beyond fish as commodities: Understanding the socio-cultural role of inshore fisheries in England. Mar. Pol., 37, 62-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.009

Resilience Alliance. (2010). Assessing resilience in social-ecological systems: workbook for practitioners. Recuperado en abril 14, 2016, disponible en: http://www.resalliance.org/index.php/resilience_assessment.

Rice, J. (2011). Managing fisheries well: delivering the promises of an ecosystem approach. Fish. Fish., 12, 209-231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00416.x

Salas, S. & Gaertner, D. (2004). The behavioural dynamics of fishers: Management implications. Fish. Fish., 5, 153-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2004.00146.x

Salas, S., Sumaila, U. & Pitcher, T. (2004). Short-term decisions of small-scale fishers selecting alternative target species: a choice model. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 61, 374-383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f04-007

Spector, P. (1997). Job satisfaction. Application, assessment, causes, and consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA, EE. UU.: Sage Publications.

Stanovich, K. & West, R. (2008). On the relative independence of thinking biases and cognitive ability. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., 94(4), 672-695. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.94.4.672

Stevens, K., Frank, K. & Kramer, D. (2015). Do Social Networks Influence Small-Scale Fishermen’s Enforcement of Sea Tenure? PLoSONE, 10(3), e0121431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121431

Stevenson, T., Brian, N. & Dierking, J. (2011). Fisher behaviour influences catch productivity and selectivity in West Hawaii’s aquarium fishery. ICES. J. Mar. Sci., 68, 813-822. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr020

Trimble, M. & Johnson, D. (2013). Artisanal fishing as an undesirable way of life? The implications for governance of fishers’ wellbeing aspirations in coastal Uruguay and southeastern Brazil. Mar. Pol., 37, 37-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.002

van Putten, I., Kumala, S., Thébaud, O., Dowling, N., Hamon, K. G., Hutton, T. & Pascoe, S. (2012). Theories and behavioural drivers underlying fleet dynamics models. Fish. Fish., 13, 216-235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00430.x

van Putten, I., Lalancette, A., Bayliss, P., Dennis, D., Hutton, T., Norman-López, A., Pascoe, S., Plagányi, E. & Skewes, T. (2013). A Bayesian model of factors influencing indigenous participation in the Torres Strait tropical rock lobster fishery. Mar. Pol., 37, 96-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.04.001

Weeratunge, N., Béné, C., Siriwardane, R., Charles, A., Johnson, D., Allison, E., Nayak, P. K. & Badjeck, M. (2013). Small-scale fisheries through the wellbeing lens. Fish. Fish., 15(2), 255-279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/faf.12016

Worm, B. & Branch, T. (2012). The future of fish. Trend Ecol. Evol., 27, 594-599. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.005




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15359/revmar.9-1.4

Revista Ciencias Marinas y Costeras.   ISSN Impreso: 1659-455X.   ISSN Electrónico: 1659-407X.

Sitio Web desarrollado por Área UNAWEB

Adaptación de Open Journal System