La crisis de la OMC y el trilema de las negociaciones comerciales internacionales

Palabras clave: Negociaciones comerciales; Organización Mundial de Comercio; trilema; legitimidad; profundidad; efectividad.

Resumen

El objetivo del documento es analizar la crisis que enfrenta la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) para ser un foro para las negociaciones entre sus miembros. La hipótesis es que, en el contexto de una “crisis de la globalización”, se presenta un trilema en la función negociadora de la OMC. En este trilema, tres vértices, cada uno de los cuales designa una característica del proceso de negociación, no se pueden articular al mismo tiempo sino en pares, dando lugar a tres escenarios: bloqueo de las negociaciones, acuerdos light y acuerdos plurilaterales. El artículo sigue un diseño metodológico cualitativo. Se basa en una amplia revisión bibliográfica y en el análisis documental. La figura del trilema, como una forma de abordar la crisis de la OMC, permitecomprender que esta es un fenómeno intrínseco a la configuración actual del orden internacional. Además, las conclusiones apuntan al hecho de que las reformas institucionales pueden resultar un abordaje insuficiente del problema, ya que la superación de esta situación requiere de decisionespolíticas.

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Publicado
2019-04-09
Cómo citar
Zelicovich, J. (2019). La crisis de la OMC y el trilema de las negociaciones comerciales internacionales. Relaciones Internacionales, 92(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.15359/ri.92-1.1